The governments answer to this outcry was Bill C-51 (2017). This Bill did not get much press because a lot of it dealt with cleaning up the criminal code from obsolete laws, such as the illegality of dueling. However, buried in it were several new provisions and amendments to section 276 and 278 of the criminal code which have caused considerable debate within the defense lawyer bar.
In many situation, more than one individual may hold an interest in a real estate holding. This may be a married couple, parent and child, business investors, etc. The two principle forms of co-ownership are joint tenancy and tenancy in common. The way title is held should be determined by what it is meant to accomplish.
It is a weakness of Canadian bill naming customs that repetition of certain, high profile bills will share the same numbers. This blog post is about Bill C-51 that deals with the Criminal Code updates of 2017, rather than the more well known Bill C-51 of 2015, under Stephen Harper, which dealt with anti-terrorism powers. For the remained of the post, Bill C-51 will be taken to mean the 2018 bill passed by the Trudeau administration.
Having a lawyer in a purchase and sale of home is mandatory and it pays to have a good one. Only a solicitor, who is licensed and insured to practice real estate can register any transfers of real estate title. However, their role is much broader than that.
There is a lot of confusion about what exactly constitutes a commissioner of oaths, and what the difference is to that of a notary public. Simply put, the former witnesses an oath, the latter testifies to the originality of a particular document. However, their respective roles can be broken down even more.
Due to its large size, Toronto has numerous criminal courts. Where a criminal charge ends up going is ultimately decided by the police precinct which conducted the arrest. This is made even more complicated by the existence of two levels of court; 1) the Ontario Court of Justice; and 2) the Superior Court of Justice.
On December 18th, 2018, Bill C-46 came into effect nationwide. The old sections of the criminal code that dealt with Impaired Driving were repealed and replaced with a new statutory regime. Though there are a lot of intricacies to the changes here are the most important aspects that all members of the public should be aware of.